Ford promises EPA ratings of 230 and 300 miles, but towing and hauling near the claimed 10,000-pound maximum is going to seriously cut into those figures.

On any new EV, range usually takes up a disproportionately large portion of the discourse. 

However, things are even more difficult than usual in the case of the F-150 Lightning, 

which has the typical full scoop of towing and carrying capabilities seen in the most popular pickup truck.

According to Ford, the range of its electric truck will be between 230 miles and 300 miles, 

depending on whether the extended-range battery pack (150.0 kWh, same caveat) or standard-range battery pack (115.0 kWh, 

which we estimate can carry) is tucked away beneath the bed. 

These forecasts by the EPA, more precisely the EPA combined statistics, were made under lightly loaded situations.

Although the Lightning benefits from the aerodynamic qualities of its flat underbody, 

a bluff truck will suffer when travelling at actual highway speeds since there is no deceiving the air molecules.

 We frequently see a range number that is around 20% less than the EPA figure in our highway range testing, which we undertake at a constant 75 mph.

The Lightning would fall into the 180-to-240-mile range for what you might do on a road trip if you used the same gear, which is fairly generous in the case of a full-size truck.